A textile or cloth is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by Spinning raw fibers of wool, flax, Cotton, or other material to produce long strands. Textiles are formed by Weaving, Knitting, Crocheting, knotting, or Pressing fibers together (felt).
The words fabric and cloth are used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. Textile refers to any material made of interlacing fibers. Fabric refers to any material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments, etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric, but often refers to a finished piece of fabric used for a specific purpose.
All Synthetic Textiles are used primarily in the production of clothing.
Polyester fiber is used in all types of clothing, either alone or blended with fibers such as cotton.
Aramid fiber (e.g. Twaron) is used for flame-retardant clothing, cut-protection, and armor.
Acrylic is a fiber used to imitate wools, including cashmere, and is often used in replacement of them.
Nylon is a fiber used to imitate silk; it is used in the production of pantyhose. Thicker nylon fibers are used in rope and outdoor clothing.
Spandex (trade name Lycra) is a polyurethane product that can be made tight-fitting without impeding movement. It is used to make active wear, bras, and swimsuits.
Olefin fiber is a fiber used in active wear, linings, and warm clothing. Ole fins are hydrophobic, allowing them to dry quickly. A sintered felt of olefin fibers is sold under the trade name Tyvek.
Inge is a Polypeptide fiber blended with other fibers such as cotton and used in clothing. It is more hydrophobic than most other synthetics, allowing it to wick away perspiration.
Lurex is a metallic fiber used in clothing embellishment.
Milk proteins have also been used to create synthetic fabric. Milk or casein fiber cloth was developed during World War I in Germany, and further developed in Italy and America during the 1930s. Milk fiber fabric is not very durable and wrinkles easily, but has a pH similar to human skin and possesses anti-bacterial properties. It is marketed as a biodegradable, renewable synthetic fiber.